In 1961 the East German State closed the last "loop hole" in the Iron Curtain with the construction of the Berlin Wall. Until 1989 this barrier divided East from West in and around the city. Today a few remnants can be seen in the city, for example along the Topography of Terror open air exhibition.
The famous landmark of Berlin became most known through the Cold War time, when it marked the border between East and West. The Gate itself is much older and was built in 1790 as part of the town wall. It looks upon the beautiful Paris Square and is just steps away from the Reichstag building.
Built in the late 19th century, this was the seat of the German Parliament called Reichstag until a fire destroyed it in 1933. It was reclaimed and rebuilt to its original purpose in 1999 when Berlin became the capital of Germany again.Today it is one of the major tourist spots and guests can even visit the Dome and enjoy the view of the city.
In the 1920s this was one of the busiest squares in Europe with the first ever traffic light. Berliners came here for shopping, dining and entertainment. After the war this was so called no mans land close to the wall and therefore devastated. In the 1990s international investors turned it into a bustling center again and a highlight in architecture.
One of the most beautiful squares of the historic Berlin is Gendarmenmarket. The two cathedrals were built for hugenot migrants. The central piece is the former play house, today a concert hall. A place to stroll and rest. Here you find Berlin's famous chocolatier Faßbender & Rausch and the famous Lutter & Wegner restaurant.
This former border crossing for non-german and allied soldiers and diplomats at Friedrichstrasse is known the world over for the tank stand-off in 1961. Though not used to exchange spies it still remained a hot spot. The museum at Check Point Charlie deals with the many adventurous escpae attempts across the wall.